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Sexual Misconduct: Government & Non-Profit Reports

This research guide provides resources on sexual misconduct with a focus on behavior perpetrated by faculty and clergy. Some resources are available through PLNU's Ryan Library and require a username and password from a current student, s


2018 study on sexual harassment and assault.(2018). Stop Street Harassment. Retrieved from

  • 81% of women and 43% of men have been sexually harassed or assaulted


American Association of Universities. (2015). AAU Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct. Retrieved from

  • One in 10 female graduate students at major research institutions report being sexually harassed by a faculty member

Bayh, B. (1972). Title IX of the United States Education Amendments of 1972. 92nd Congress of the United States of America. Retrieved from


Bethancourt, P. (2019) Top 10 takeaways from the sexual abuse advisory group report. The Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention. Retrieved from


California State Auditor. (2014). Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence: California Universities Must Better Protect Students by Doing More to Prevent, Respond to, and Resolve Incidents. Retrieved from

  • Each chapter addresses different aspect of sexual harassment and sexual assault on CA college campuses and ends with recommendations. The four campses reviewed in the report are: UC Berkeley; University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); California State University, Chico (Chico State); and San Diego State University (San Diego State).


Center for Disease Control. (2012) Sexual Violence: Facts at a Glance. Retrieved from


Chi Cantalupo, N. & Kidder, W. A. (2017). Systematic look at a serial problem: Sexual harassment of students by university faculty. Utah Law Review, [Article forthcoming in Spring 2018.] Retrieved from [You can access the 96 page report for free by creating a user account.]


Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession. (2018) CSWEP News. American Economic Association. Retrieved from

  • American Economic Association’s Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession (CSWEP) dedicated an issue of their newsletter to the topic of sexual harassment within economics and academia. Topics addressed are:  why so few victims report their harassers; an analysis of the responses to sexual harassment within the field of economics; effective institutional responses to sexual harassment; and, the use of technology in adding the reporting of sexual harassment.


Feldblum, C. R. & Lipnic, V. A. (2016) Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved from

  • Most anti-harassment policies are ineffective because they focus mainly on avoiding legal liability

Fisher, B., Cullen, F., & Turner, M. (2000). The sexual victimization of college women. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved from

  • “Less than 10 percent of students who are sexually assaulted, men and women, report the incident to the college or police”
  • “Fewer than 5 percent of completed and attempted rapes were reported to law enforcement officials.”


Karjane, H. M., Fisher, B. S., & Cullen, F. T. (2005). Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities are Doing About it. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from

  • “A trauma response, which may involve high levels of psychological distress, some of it triggered by shame and self­blame, inhibits reporting.”
  • “The desire to avoid the perceived—and real— stigma of having been victimized also inhibits reporting.”


Kearl, H. (2018). The Facts Behind the #MeToo Movement: A National Study on Sexual Harassment and Assault. Retrieved from

Krebs, C., Lindquist, C., Berzofsky, M., Shook-Sa, B., & Peterson, K. (2016). Campus Climate Survey Validation Study Final Technical Report. Bureau of Justice Statistics Research and Development Series. Retrieved from


Joint Legislative Audit Committee (2015). Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence on California’s College Campuses Protecting Students at the University of California and California State University: A Joint Oversight Hearing of the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, the Assembly Committee on Higher Education, and the Assembly Select Committee on Campus Climate. Retrieved from


National Alliance to End Sexual Violence. (2017). Costs, Consequences and Solutions. Retrieved from


National Council on Disabilities. (2018). Not on the Radar: Sexual Assault on College Students with Disabilities. Retrieved from

The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. (2017). Facts Everyone Should Know about Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, & Stalking. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from


National Sexual Violence Resource Center. (2015). Statistics about Sexual Violence. Retrieved from  


Office for Civil Rights. (2008). Sexual Harassment: It’s Not Academic. U. S. Department of Education. Retrieved from


Office of Civil Rights. (2011). Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual Violence. U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from  


Office on Violence Against Women. (2017). Protecting Student from Sexual Assault. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from


Planty, M., Langton, L., Krebs, C., Berzofsky, M., & Smiley-McDonald, H. (2013). Special Report: Female Victims of Sexual Violence, 1994–2010. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from


Sinozich, S., & Langton, L. (2014). Special Report: Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization among College-Age Females, 1995–2013. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from


Statistics on gender-based violence. (n.d.) Know Your IX. Retrieved from  

  • This national movement, led by self-identified survivors of sexual assault, is pressing colleges to strengthen policies, teaching students to file federal complaints, and lobbying for legislative change.


Tjaden P. & Thoennes N. (2006). Special Report: Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Rape Victimization: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from

  • 1 in 5 women have been raped

Truman, J. L. (2011). National Crime Victimization Survey: Criminal Victimization. Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from

White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. (2014). Not Alone: The First Report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault. White House. Retrieved from


U.S. Department of Education. (2014). Know Your Rights: Title IX Requires Your School to Address Sexual Violence. Retrieved from


U.S. Department of Education. (2017). Department of Education Issues New Interim Guidance on Campus Sexual Misconduct. Retrieved

  • U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos and the Office for Civil Rights withdraws guidance on sexual violence and instead issues a Q&A on campus sexual misconduct