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MUH 311 (Piano Literature): Citing Sources

Citation Formats using MLA Style

The main citation format used in the department of Music is MLA Style.

Use the links below to learn more:

Top 5 Questions on Citing Music Sources in MLA

Note:  MLA formatting requires that citations are double spaced and that the second and subsequent lines of each citation are indented. The formatting options on this guide prevents that aspect of formatting here.

1.  How do you cite an entry from Grove's Online

(Hint: The Grove's Database's "Cite" button does not give correct MLA information.)

Anthony Hicks. "Handel, George Frideric." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Accessed 17 Jan. 2017.

2.  How do you cite a recording of a performance found in Naxos Music Library?

Handel, George Frederic. “Part II: Hallelujah (Chorus)” Handel: Messiah (Highlights), Warner Classics - Parlophone, Naxos Music Library, Accessed 17 Jan. 2017.

(Hint: Once in the album in Naxos, choose "Show static url." on the left, then copy the url for the specific section of the piece you're citing.)

3.  How do you cite a music score out of an anthology?

Lully, Jean-Baptiste. "Armide, Tragedie en 5 Actes et un Prologue." 1686. Norton Anthology of Western Music, edited by Claude V. Palisca, Norton, 1988, pp. 385-394.

(Hint: The date after the title is the date the composition was written.)

4.  How do you cite program notes?

Pedersen, Keith. "Handel's Messiah." The Messiah. 4 Dec. 2011, Brown Chapel, Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego, CA. Program Notes. 

5.  How do you cite an article found in full-text in a database such as JSTOR?

(Hint: If there is no issue number, just leave that out and only show the volume number. Use the Cite fuction to get started; edits may be needed.)

Wollston, Silas. “New Light on Purcell's Early Overtures.” Early Music, vol. 37, no. 4, 2009, pp. 647–655. JSTOR,

Want to know more?

The link below is a great source for specific music-related citation questions. 

(Hint: Just make sure you use the MLA portion of the page, rather than the APA section.)

Ask a Librarian

Chat with a librarian here! 

You can also connect via text message at 619-592-8884 or by email.

EndNote Web

About EndNote:

EndNote (Basic) is a web-based tool for managing and citing references in papers and creating bibliographies which allows users to:

  • Search online resources
  • Collect and organize references
  • Format citations and footnotes or a bibliography
  • Use numerous citation styles including APA, MLA, Chicago (Turabian). 

Addtional instructions are at the Endnote Guide.

Accessing Endnote:

  • EndNote is available to current members of the PLNU community. 
  • The first time you use EndNote, login with your PLNU Network ID and password.
  • Once you get to EndNote, you will be asked to create a login that can be used from anywhere--it will not be necessary to go through the PLNU website for future sign-ins to EndNote.
  • NOTE: EndNote works best in the Firefox browser.