Copyright law is intended to protect the creative and intellectual property of a work's creator. Its counterpart, fair use, aims to identify circumstances in which the unauthorized use of protected material is permitted. The compliance guide for faculty examines specific situations and provides guidance for professors as they seek to use materials for educational purposes.
Options for obtaining permission to reproduce protected material are provided on this page.
For more extensive information, select your intended use below:
Due to cost or time constraints, professors sometimes choose to use materials for which permission is not required or to provide access in ways that do not constitute duplication.
Professors who desire an alternative to pursuing copyright permission may consider the following options:
Contact Ryan Library for help conducting a fair use analysis.
In nearly every case, collections of articles, book excerpts, and similar readings require copyright clearance. By using a company like University Readers, professors (or their department assistants) may request clearance for all of the protected materials they wish to use for a given course in a given semester. The clearance company provides an itemized list of clearance costs so professors can approve the list or replace expensive materials with less expensive options. Professors specify their preferred format (electronic or print) for the materials, and students purchase the materials directly from the clearance company. The purchase price includes clearance and printing or access costs. Neither professors nor department assistants have to manage the process of collecting money from students or delivering photocopies of the material.
Those who wish to pursue this option for providing articles, book chapters, or other excerpted material for their classes should use the links above or visit the ITS resource page for simple instructions.
Use a service like Copyright Clearance Center to obtain written permission to copy or otherwise distribute protected materials; University Readers offers simple permission services for those who prefer not to use the optional publishing services. Payment for clearance must be made before proof of permission will be provided. This means that professors or departments carry the initial financial burden of securing copyright clearance. Proof of permission must then be included in any request for copying of the protected materials on campus, and each copied item must include a notice of copyright.
Collection of payment from students for copying and clearance costs is the responsibility of the professor or department.
PLNU Reprographics may produce course packs or multiple copies for classroom use according to the following guidelines:
Published workbooks, study guides, standardized tests, and other resources considered "consumable" may not be copied for any reason.